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Integration of III-V lasers on Si for Si photonics
Progress in Quantum Electronics  (IF12.25),  Pub Date : 2019-08-01, DOI: 10.1016/j.pquantelec.2019.05.002
Mingchu Tang, Jae-Seong Park, Zhechao Wang, Siming Chen, Pamela Jurczak, Alwyn Seeds, Huiyun Liu

Abstract Development of Si photonic integrated circuits (PICs) has been impeded due to lack of efficient Si-based light-emitting sources. Because of their indirect bandgap, bulk Ge and Si are very inefficient at emitting light. Therefore, direct-bandgap III-V semiconductors have been extensively exploited for the active region of the lasers for PICs. Heterogeneous and monolithic integration of III-V semiconductor components on Si platforms have been considered as promising solutions to achieve practical on-chip light-emitting sources for Si photonics. This paper reviews the latest developments on telecommunication wavelength III-V lasers integrated on Si substrates, in terms of integration methods and laser performance.