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Defect Generation and Surface Functionalization on Epitaxial Blue Phosphorene by C60 Adsorption
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C  (IF4.177),  Pub Date : 2019-05-08, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b03344
Dechun Zhou,Nan Si,Qin Tang,Bohong Jiang,Xiufeng Song,Han Huang,Miao Zhou,Qingmin Ji,Tianchao Niu

We present molecular beam epitaxial growth of blue phosphorene (BlueP), a new allotrope of black phosphorene, on Au(111) and its surface functionalization with fullerene (C60) molecules by low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS). In contrast to the well-ordered aggregation on conventional surfaces, C60 molecules favor to adsorb at the domain boundaries of BlueP and create defects and a disordered phase nearby. STS reveals a shift of the conduction band minimum of BlueP and a remarkable broadening of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of C60, indicating an interfacial charge transfer. In addition, codeposition of C60 with phosphorous precursors on Au(111) followed by annealing generates a new reconstruction of BlueP comprising larger triangles and higher density of dislocation lines that are favorable for anchoring bulky C60 balls.