Find Paper, Faster
Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Single application of a new polymer-coated urea improves yield while mitigates environmental issues associated with winter wheat grown in rice paddy soil
Field Crops Research  (IF6.145),  Pub Date : 2022-06-11, DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2022.108592
Yazhen Shen, Baichun Wang, Sixi Zhu, Wei Xie, Shenqiang Wang, Xu Zhao

Rainfed winter wheat grown in rice paddy suffers from a relatively low yield and severe nitrogen (N) losses. Reduction in N application and/or single use of controlled release N fertilizer (CRNF) have been proposed to address these challenges. A new CRNF, known as nano-FeIII-tannic acid-modified waterborne polymer-coated urea (NWU), has the ability to avoid initial quick release and prolong N availability, which is assumed to synchronize with winter wheat N uptake. Here, we conducted a field experiment spanning three wheat growing seasons to examine the efficacy of single application of NWU on grain yield, N uptake, N use efficiency (NUE), reactive nitrogen (Nr) losses, and net ecosystem economic benefit (NEEB) under two N application rates (160 and 240 kg ha−1). Basal application of NWU increased grain yield by 15.7 %, NUE by 51.1 % and NEEB by 45.1 %, while reducing Nr losses by 35.7 % compared to three-split applications of urea at 240 kg ha−1. Moreover, single application of NWU with a reduced N rate by one-third could even maintain high grain yield and NEEB comparable to that of conventional N practices, meanwhile reducing Nr losses by 58.8 %. Single application of NWU can address high yield and environmental protection simultaneously for wheat grown in paddy soil.