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Self-assembled InAs/GaAs single quantum dots with suppressed InGaAs wetting layer states and low excitonic fine structure splitting for quantum memory
Nanophotonics  (IF7.923),  Pub Date : 2022-05-25, DOI: 10.1515/nanoph-2022-0120
Xiaoying Huang, Jiawei Yang, Changkun Song, Mujie Rao, Ying Yu, Siyuan Yu

Epitaxial semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) have been demonstrated as on-demand entangled photon sources through biexciton–exciton (XX-X) cascaded radiative processes. However, perfect entangled photon emitters at the specific wavelengths of 880 nm or 980 nm, that are important for heralded entanglement distribution by absorptive quantum memories, remain a significant challenge. We successfully extend the QD emission wavelength to 880 nm via capping Stranski–Krastanow grown In(Ga)As/GaAs QDs with an ultra-thin Al x Ga1−x As layer. After carefully investigating the mechanisms governing the vanishing of wetting-layer (WL) states and the anisotropy of QDs, we optimize the growth conditions and achieve a strong suppression of the WL emission as well as a measured minor fine structure splitting of only ∼(3.2 ± 0.25) μeV for the exciton line. We further extend this method to fabricate In(Ga)As QDs emitted at 980 nm via introducing InGaAs capping layer, and demonstrate a two-photon resonant excitation of the biexciton without any additional optical or electrical stabilized source. These QDs with high symmetry and stability represent a highly promising platform for the generation of polarization entanglement and experiments on the interaction of photons from dissimilar sources, such as rare-earth-ion-doped crystals for solid quantum memory.