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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Analysis of Clinicopathological Factors Associated with Radiation-Induced Cystitis in Patients with Cervical Cancer
Journal of Healthcare Engineering  (IF3.822),  Pub Date : 2022-04-15, DOI: 10.1155/2022/6216072
Ling He, Zhenyu Wang, Jianhui Chen, Ling Chen, Peijuan Chen, Wenzhi Cai

Objective. To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics associated with radiation-induced cystitis (RIC) in patients with cervical cancer treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) alone or postoperational (post-op) CRT. Methods. 107 patients with cervical cancer were retrospectively recruited into the study. The surgical status, FIGO staging, total and fractionated doses of radiotherapy (RT), and multiparameters including the dose, volume irradiated to the total bladder, and bladder wall were evaluated for RIC. The criteria on RIC were referred to CTCAE v5.0. Results. Surgical operation and post-op CRT were delivered in 65 patients and CRT or RT alone in 42 patients. Among those with post-op CRT, 33/34 (97.06%), 22/43 (51.16%), and 10/30 (33.33%) patients were classified as FIGO stage I, II, and III/IV, respectively. The incidence of RIC was 30.84% for the whole group with 87.87% occurred in stage I and II patients. The incidence of CTCAE grade 2 and beyond was significantly higher in patients treated with post-op CRT than those with CRT alone (13.85% vs 2.38%,  = 0.043). Further analyses showed that the CTCAE level of RIC in the post-op CRT group was related to the relatively smaller average bladder volume ( = 0.029), whereas the difference in volume of bladder and bladder wall irradiated to 35.0 Gy or 40.0 Gy was not statistically significant between patients with or without RIC. Conclusion. The combination of surgery and post-op CRT may increase the incidence and severity of radiation-induced cystitis when compared to CRT alone, suggesting that bladder dysfunction associated with surgical procedure might increase the frequency and severity radiation related bladder toxicity. Further study is merited.