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A quasi in-situ study on the work hardening and softening mechanisms of Ti–33Zr–12Al–6V alloy
Materials Science and Engineering: A  (IF5.234),  Pub Date : 2022-01-20, DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2022.142694
Fuen Zhang, Baifeng Luan, Haoge Shou, Jiang Zheng, Xinyu Zhang, Riping Liu, Korukonda L. Murty

In this study, a Ti–33Zr–12Al–6V alloy was prepared, and its work hardening and softening mechanisms were investigated via tensile tests conducted at room temperature. The interaction between the dislocations and strain-induced martensite (SIM) results in work hardening; whereas, the shearing of the grain boundaries by the dislocations for entering the adjacent grains results in work softening, which occurs when the logarithmic strains is between 5.8% and 7.6%. Work softening weakened the effect of work hardening; however, through work softening, the workability, which is insufficient in high-strength β-phase titanium alloys, was significantly increased. The microstructure evolution of Ti–33Zr–12Al–6V alloy under different strains was investigated using the quasi in-situ electron backscatter diffraction and scanning electron microscopy methods during the aforementioned tensile tests. The microstructure near the shear bands was observed via transmission electron microscopy using a focused ion beam. First, the {112}<111> slip systems with a high Schmid factor (SF) (>0.25) were activated and, subsequently, the {112}<111> with a low SF (≤0.25) and {011}<111> slip systems were activated in most grains during tensile deformation.