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Autocatalytic biosynthesis of abscisic acid and its synergistic action with auxin to regulate strawberry fruit ripening.
Horticulture Research  (IF6.793),  Pub Date : 2022-01-19, DOI: 10.1093/hr/uhab076
Tianyu Li,Zhengrong Dai,Baozhen Zeng,Jie Li,Jinyao Ouyang,Li Kang,Wei Wang,Wensuo Jia

Abscisic acid (ABA) plays a major role in the regulation of strawberry fruit ripening; however, the origin of the ABA signal is largely unknown. Here, we report an autocatalytic mechanism for ABA biosynthesis and its synergistic interaction with the auxin to regulate strawberry fruit ripening. We demonstrate that ABA biosynthesis is self-induced in the achenes, but not in the receptacle, which results its substantial accumulation during ripening. ABA was found to regulate both IAA transport and biosynthesis, thereby modulating IAA content during both early fruit growth and later during ripening. Taken together, these results reveal the origins of the ABA signal and demonstrate the importance of its coordinated action with IAA in the regulation of strawberry fruit development and ripening.