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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Snakin-2 interacts with cytosolic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 to inhibit sprout growth in potato tubers.
Horticulture Research  (IF6.793),  Pub Date : 2022-01-19, DOI: 10.1093/hr/uhab060
Liqin Li,Chengcheng Lyu,Jing Chen,Yifei Lu,Shiming Yang,Su Ni,Shunlin Zheng,Liping Yu,Xiyao Wang,Qiang Wang,Liming Lu

The potato tuber is the main nutrient supply and reproductive organ; however, tuber sprouting can reduce its commercial value. Snakin-2 (StSN2) was first reported as an antimicrobial peptide that positively regulates potato disease resistance. Our recent study suggested StSN2 overexpression inhibited sprout growth, while the sprouting process was accelerated in StSN2 RNAi lines. Cytoplasmic glyceraldehyde-3- phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (StGAPC1) was identified as a candidate protein that interacts with StSN2 by coimmunoprecipitation/mass spectrometry (CoIP/MS) experiments. Here, we report that the expression levels of StSN2 and StGAPC1 decreased during sprouting compared with dormancy. Coexpression of StSN2 and StGAPC1 in bud eyes and apical buds was verified by immunofluorescence analysis of paraffin sections. In addition, interaction of StSN2 and StGAPC1 was confirmed by yeast two-hybrid, coimmunoprecipitation and split luciferase complementation assays. Overexpression of StGAPC1 depressed sprout growth, which is similar to the function of StSN2, and StSN2- and StGAPC1-overexpressing lines showed decreased glucose, fructose and galactose content. The interaction of StSN2 and StGAPC1 enhanced StGAPC1 activity and decreased its oxidative modification to inhibit sprout growth. Our results suggest that StSN2 plays a regulatory role in tuber sprout growth through interaction with StGAPC1.