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Cucurbitaceae genome evolution, gene function and molecular breeding.
Horticulture Research  (IF6.793),  Pub Date : 2022-01-19, DOI: 10.1093/hr/uhab057
Lili Ma,Qing Wang,Yanyan Zheng,Jing Guo,Shuzhi Yuan,Anzhen Fu,Chunmei Bai,Xiaoyan Zhao,Shufang Zheng,Changlong Wen,Shaogui Guo,Lipu Gao,Donald Grierson,Jinhua Zuo,Yong Xu

The Cucurbitaceae is one of the most genetically diverse plant families in the world. Many of them are important vegetables or medicinal plants and are widely distributed worldwide. The rapid development of sequencing technologies and bioinformatic algorithms has enabled the generation of genome sequences of numerous important Cucurbitaceae species. This has greatly facilitated research on gene identification, genome evolution, genetic variation and molecular breeding of cucurbit crops. So far, genome sequences of 18 different cucurbit species belonging to tribes Benincaseae, Cucurbiteae, Sicyoeae, Momordiceae and Siraitieae have been deciphered. This review summarizes the genome sequence information, evolutionary relationship, and functional genes associated with important agronomic traits (e.g., fruit quality). The progress of molecular breeding in cucurbit crops and prospects for future applications of Cucurbitaceae genome information are also discussed.