Find Paper, Faster
Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Investigating the feasibility of idiographic network models.
Psychological Methods  (IF10.929),  Pub Date : 2022-01-06, DOI: 10.1037/met0000466
Alessandra C. Mansueto, Reinout W. Wiers, Julia C. M. van Weert, Barbara C. Schouten, Sacha Epskamp

Recent times have seen a call for personalized psychotherapy and tailored communication during treatment, leading to the necessity to model the complex dynamics of mental disorders in a single subject. To this aim, time-series data in one patient can be collected through ecological momentary assessment and analyzed with the graphical vector autoregressive model, estimating temporal and contemporaneous idiographic networks. Idiographic networks graph interindividual processes that may be potentially used to tailor psychotherapy and provide personalized feedback to clients and are regarded as a promising tool for clinical practice. However, the question whether we can reliably estimate them in clinical settings remains unanswered. We conducted a large-scale simulation study in the context of psychopathology, testing the performance of personalized networks with different numbers of time points, percentages of missing data, and estimation methods. Results indicate that sensitivity is low with sample sizes feasible for clinical practice (75 and 100 time points). It seems possible to retrieve the global network structure but not to recover the full network. Estimating temporal networks appears particularly challenging; thus, with 75 and 100 observations, it is advisable to reduce the number of nodes to around six variables. With regard to missing data, full information maximum likelihood and the Kalman filter are effective in addressing random item-level missing data; consequently, planned missingness is a valid method to deal with missing data. We discuss possible methodological and clinical solutions to the challenges raised in this work.