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Strain and illumination triggered regulations of up-conversion luminescence in Er-doped Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3BaTiO3/Mica flexible multifunctional thin films
Journal of Materiomics  (IF6.425),  Pub Date : 2021-12-15, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmat.2021.12.002
Yang Zhou, Rui Xiong, Peng Wang, Xiao Wu, Baisheng Sa, Cong Lin, Min Gao, Tengfei Lin, Chunlin Zhao

External stimuli induced effective regulations of luminescent material are of significant interest in the development of smart optical devices. Here, by simply doping with Er3+ in the 0.94Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-0.06BaTiO3 (BNTBT) ferroelectric host, using the bendable mica substrate, and exerting mechanical strain (bending) or light illumination (via photochromic reaction), the all-inorganic, highly-transparent and flexible Er-doped BNTBT/Mica luminescent-ferroelectric thin films were designed and fabricated, displaying strain-induced dramatically elevation of up-conversion photoluminescence (PL) intensity, suppression of PL concentration quenching, outstanding endurance and durability, convenient illumination-mediated PL quenching. And the strain-induced structural changes and local lattice distortions of the thin films were further explored through theoretical calculations and Raman measurement. Our results can supply the guidance of designing other luminescent-ferroelectric materials with controlled PL properties via easy mechanical/photo stimuli for expanding the application of multifunctional wearable memory devices.