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Cross-feature trained machine learning models for QoT-estimation in optical networks
Optical Engineering  (IF1.084),  Pub Date : 2021-12-01, DOI: 10.1117/1.oe.60.12.125106
Fehmida Usmani, Ihtesham Khan, Mehek Siddiqui, Mahnoor Khan, Muhammad Bilal, M. Umar Masood, Arsalan Ahmad, Muhammad Shahzad, Vittorio Curri

The ever-increasing demand for global internet traffic, together with evolving concepts of software-defined networks and elastic-optical-networks, demand not only the total capacity utilization of underlying infrastructure but also a dynamic, flexible, and transparent optical network. In general, worst-case assumptions are utilized to calculate the quality of transmission (QoT) with provisioning of high-margin requirements. Thus, precise estimation of the QoT for the lightpath (LP) establishment is crucial for reducing the provisioning margins. We propose and compare several data-driven machine learning (ML) models to make an accurate calculation of the QoT before the actual establishment of the LP in an unseen network. The proposed models are trained on the data acquired from an already established LP of a completely different network. The metric considered to evaluate the QoT of the LP is the generalized signal-to-noise ratio (GSNR), which accumulates the impact of both nonlinear interference and amplified spontaneous emission noise. The dataset is generated synthetically using a well-tested GNPy simulation tool. Promising results are achieved, showing that the proposed neural network considerably minimizes the GSNR uncertainty and, consequently, the provisioning margin. Furthermore, we also analyze the impact of cross-features and relevant features training on the proposed ML models’ performance.