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Genome-wide unbalanced expression bias and expression level dominance toward Brassica oleracea in artificially synthesized intergeneric hybrids of Raphanobrassica
Horticulture Research  (IF6.793),  Pub Date : 2021-12-01, DOI: 10.1038/s41438-021-00672-2
Libin Zhang, Jianjie He, Hongsheng He, Jiangsheng Wu, Maoteng Li

Raphanobrassica (RrRrCrCr, 2n = 4x = 36), which is generated by distant hybridization between the maternal parent Raphanus sativus (RsRs, 2n = 2x = 18) and the paternal parent Brassica oleracea (C°C°, 2n = 2x = 18), displays intermediate silique phenotypes compared to diploid progenitors. However, the hybrid shares much more similarities in silique phenotypes with those of B. oleracea than those of R. sativus. Strikingly, the silique of Raphanobrassica is obviously split into two parts. To investigate the gene expression patterns behind these phenomena, transcriptome analysis was performed on the upper, middle, and lower sections of pods (RCsiu, RCsim, and RCsil), seeds in the upper and lower sections of siliques (RCseu and RCsel) from Raphanobrassica, whole pods (Rsi and Csi) and all seeds in the siliques (Rse and Cse) from R. sativus and B. oleracea. Transcriptome shock was observed in all five aforementioned tissues of Raphanobrassica. Genome-wide unbalanced biased expression and expression level dominance were also discovered, and both of them were toward B. oleracea in Raphanobrassica, which is consistent with the observed phenotypes. The present results reveal the global gene expression patterns of different sections of siliques of Raphanobrassica, pods, and seeds of B. oleracea and R. sativus, unraveling the tight correlation between global gene expression patterns and phenotypes of the hybrid and its parents.