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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Dietary and Circulating Long‐Chain Omega‐3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Mortality Risk After Myocardial Infarction: A Long‐Term Follow‐Up of the Alpha Omega Cohort
Journal of the American Heart Association  (IF5.501),  Pub Date : 2021-11-30, DOI: 10.1161/jaha.121.022617
Kamalita Pertiwi, Leanne K. Küpers, Janette de Goede, Peter L. Zock, Daan Kromhout, Johanna M. Geleijnse

BackgroundHabitual intake of long‐chain omega‐3 fatty acids, especially eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid (EPA+DHA) from fish, has been associated with a lower risk of fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) in population‐based studies. Whether that is also the case for patients with CHD is not yet clear. We studied the associations of dietary and circulating EPA+DHA and alpha‐linolenic acid, a plant‐derived omega‐3 fatty acids, with long‐term mortality risk after myocardial infarction.Methods and ResultsWe analyzed data from 4067 Dutch patients with prior myocardial infarction aged 60 to 80 years (79% men, 86% on statins) enrolled in the Alpha Omega Cohort from 2002 to 2006 (baseline) and followed through 2018. Baseline intake of fish and omega‐3 fatty acids were assessed through a validated 203‐item food frequency questionnaire and circulating omega‐3 fatty acids were assessed in plasma cholesteryl esters. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% CIs were obtained from Cox regression analyses. During a median follow‐up period of 12 years, 1877 deaths occurred, of which 515 were from CHD and 834 from cardiovascular diseases. Dietary intake of EPA+DHA was significantly inversely associated with only CHD mortality (HR, 0.69 [0.52–0.90] for >200 versus ≤50 mg/d; HR, 0.92 [0.86–0.98] per 100 mg/d). Similar results were obtained for fish consumption (HRCHD, 0.74 [0.53–1.03] for >40 versus ≤5 g/d; Ptrend: 0.031). Circulating EPA+DHA was inversely associated with CHD mortality (HR, 0.71 [0.53–0.94] for >2.52% versus ≤1.29%; 0.85 [0.77–0.95] per 1‐SD) and also with cardiovascular diseases and all‐cause mortality. Dietary and circulating alpha‐linolenic acid were not significantly associated with mortality end points.ConclusionsIn a cohort of Dutch patients with prior myocardial infarction, higher dietary and circulating EPA+DHA and fish intake were consistently associated with a lower CHD mortality risk.RegistrationURL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03192410.