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PRRX1 Loss‐of‐Function Mutations Underlying Familial Atrial Fibrillation
Journal of the American Heart Association  (IF5.501),  Pub Date : 2021-11-30, DOI: 10.1161/jaha.121.023517
Xiao‐Juan Guo, Xing‐Biao Qiu, Jun Wang, Yu‐Han Guo, Chen‐Xi Yang, Li Li, Ri‐Feng Gao, Zun‐Ping Ke, Ruo‐Min Di, Yu‐Min Sun, Ying‐Jia Xu, Yi‐Qing Yang

BackgroundAtrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common form of clinical cardiac dysrhythmia responsible for thromboembolic cerebral stroke, congestive heart failure, and death. Aggregating evidence highlights the strong genetic basis of AF. Nevertheless, AF is of pronounced genetic heterogeneity, and in an overwhelming majority of patients, the genetic determinants underpinning AF remain elusive.Methods and ResultsBy genome‐wide screening with polymorphic microsatellite markers and linkage analysis in a 4‐generation Chinese family affected with autosomal‐dominant AF, a novel locus for AF was mapped to chromosome 1q24.2–q25.1, a 3.20‐cM (≈4.19 Mbp) interval between markers D1S2851 and D1S218, with the greatest 2‐point logarithm of odds score of 4.8165 for the marker D1S452 at recombination fraction=0.00. Whole‐exome sequencing and bioinformatics analyses showed that within the mapping region, only the mutation in the paired related homeobox 1 (PRRX1) gene, NM_022716.4:c.319C>T;(p.Gln107*), cosegregated with AF in the family. In addition, sequencing analyses of PRRX1 in another cohort of 225 unrelated patients with AF revealed a new mutation, NM_022716.4:c.437G>T; (p.Arg146Ile), in a patient. The 2 mutations were absent in 908 control subjects. Biological analyses in HeLa cells demonstrated that the 2 mutants had significantly diminished transactivation on the target genes ISL1 and SHOX2 and markedly decreased ability to bind the promoters of ISL1 and SHOX2 (2 genes causally linked to AF), although with normal intracellular distribution.ConclusionsThis study first indicates that PRRX1 loss‐of‐function mutations predispose to AF, which provides novel insight into the molecular pathogenesis underpinning AF, implying potential implications for precisive prophylaxis and management of AF.