Find Paper, Faster
Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
The influence of a magnet field on sulfur removal from liquid iron by hydrogen plasma arc melting
Modern Physics Letters B  (IF1.668),  Pub Date : 2021-11-26, DOI: 10.1142/s021798492050030x
Yujia Zhang, Yang Kong, Xiliang Guo, Jiang Wang, Zhongming Ren, Jianbo Yu

In this work, the static magnetic field was applied to plasma arc melting (PAM) method. The influence on sulfur removal from iron by Ar-20%H2 (PAM) was investigated experimentally. The results show that, sulfur content decreases more noticeably with the magnet field. The mechanism of sulfur removal by hydrogen plasma arc melting (HPAM) was found to obey a first-order rate law. From kinetic analysis, the adoption of magnet field enhanced purification efficiency about 45% under the same conditions. The numerical simulations were necessarily carried out to investigate the fluid flows of the melt. The results show that the magnet field changes the flow regime and strengthens the flow velocity of the melt. Moreover, the dead zone in melt by typical HPAM was eliminated. It is reasonable that dissolved sulfur atoms transferring to the top interface to react with active hydrogen atoms was promoted. In addition, during solidification process, thermoelectric magnetic (TEM) flows promote solute atoms that discharged from the solid–liquid interface moving to the upside of specimen. As a consequence, iron with much lower sulfur content could be obtained at the bottom of specimens, and sulfur removal was enhanced further during solidification under a static magnetic field.