Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Programmable photoresponsive materials based on a single molecule via distinct topochemical reactions Chemical Science (IF9.825), Pub Date : 2021-11-18, DOI: 10.1039/d1sc04053g Xiao Wei, Bao Li, Zhiqiang Yang, Ronglin Zhong, Yufei Wang, Yanan Chen, Zeyang Ding, Guangwen Men, Zairan Yang, Houyu Zhang, Bing Yang, Weiqing Xu, Shimei Jiang
Engineering the preorganization of photoactive units remains a big challenge in solid-state photochemistry research. It is of not only theoretical importance in the construction of topochemical reactions but also technological significance in the fabrication of advanced materials. Here, a cyanostilbene derivative, (Z)-2-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3-(naphthalen-2-yl) acrylonitrile (BNA), was crystallized into two polymorphs under different conditions. The two crystals, BNA-α and BNA-β, have totally different intra-π-dimer and inter-π-dimer hierarchical architectures on the basis of a very simple monomer, which provides them with distinct reactivities, functions and photoresponsive properties. Firstly, two different types of solid-state [2 + 2] photocycloaddition reaction: (i) a typical olefin–olefin cycloaddition reaction within the symmetric π-dimers of BNA-α and (ii) an unusual olefin-aromatic ring cycloaddition reaction within the offset π-dimers of BNA-β have been observed, respectively. Secondly, the crystal of BNA-α can be bent to 90° without any fracture, exhibiting outstanding flexibility upon UV irradiation, while the reversible photocycloaddition/thermal cleavage process (below 100 °C) accompanied by unique fluorescence changes can be achieved in the crystal of BNA-β. Finally, micro-scale photoactuators and light-writable anti-counterfeiting materials have been successfully fabricated. This work paves a simple way to construct smart materials through a bottom-up way that is realized by manipulating hierarchical architectures in the solid state.