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All-fiber beat-frequency laser heterodyne absolute distance measurement system
Optical Engineering  (IF1.084),  Pub Date : 2021-11-01, DOI: 10.1117/1.oe.60.11.117109
Guanghai Liu, Ming Gao, Wei Wang, Xiongxing Zhang, Haibin Chen, Zilong Guo, Junying Zhang

To realize precise absolute distance measurement, an all-fiber beat-frequency laser heterodyne distance measurement system based on a fiber-optic interferometric structure was proposed and demonstrated. An acousto-optic frequency shifter is introduced into one arm of a fiber-optic Mach–Zenhder interferormeter to generate the beat-frequency laser beams in two fiber-optic paths. By a ternary sinusoidal curve fitting method to extract the initial phases of the two beat-frequency laser signals and their phase difference, a distance measurement precision of several tens micrometers can be realized in a distance range of several meters. Experiments showed a maximum relative error of 0.0548% and a resolution of 83.333 μm in a distance range of 0 to 600 mm.