In recent years, the occurrence and frequency of haze have constantly been increasing, bringing severe threats to people's daily lives. To this end, this paper discusses the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of severe haze in China, analyzes the interaction between haze pollution and the influence of economy and energy structure on haze in 31 provinces of China. It provides references for the treatment of haze weather and the prevention and control of air pollution in China. This paper mainly adopts the spatial autocorrelation method. The data processed mainly includes API (Air Pollution Index) and meteorological station data. Combined with the statistical yearbook data, this paper conducts multi-aspect research and exploration. By using statistical methods to study the haze distribution in China, we found that the haze and PM2.5 concentrations were mainly distributed in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Shandong Province, the northern northwest, southeastern Sichuan, and Chongqing. Haze distribution has obvious seasonality, more in winter and less in summer. There are also regional differences in the concentration distribution of urban pollutants. The concentration of SO2 and absorbable particles are relatively high in northern cities. In contrast, that of southern cities is relatively low and changes with seasonal changes.