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Preharvest application of 1-methylcyclopropene and Ethephon altered cuticular wax biosynthesis and fruit quality of apples at harvest and during cold storage
Horticultural Plant Journal  (IF3.032),  Pub Date : 2021-11-15, DOI: 10.1016/j.hpj.2021.11.008
Fujun Li, Xinyue Zhang, Jihan Wang, Yaping Jiang, Xinhua Zhang, Xiaoan Li

To investigate the roles of Harvista (a sprayable 1-methylcyclopropene, 1-MCP, available component is 150 g · hm-2) and Ethephon (1 mL · L-1) applied at preharvest in apple (Malus domestica Borkh. 'Golden Delicious') fruit cuticular wax biosynthesis, the expression of genes related to fruit cuticular wax biosynthesis and ethylene biosynthesis and signaling, ethylene production rate, respiration rate, wax constituents and structure, and fruit quality were determined at harvest and during cold storage. The results showed that 1-MCP inhibited the expression levels of ethylene biosynthesis and signaling-related genes, decreased fruit ethylene production, and inhibited the expression of MdLACS1, MdCER6, MdCER4 and MdWSD1, which resulted in decreases in alcohols, acids, and esters content in fruit cuticular wax. 1-MCP also reduced fruit dropping rate from 17.17% to 12%; maintained fruit firmness, soluble solids, titratable acidity during cold storage; showed about as one fifth in the total length and one third in the widest width of wax crack as that in control at harvest. In contrast, Ethephon produced the opposite effects. In conclusion, 1-MCP inhibited fruit ethylene biosynthesis and signaling, and influenced fruit cuticular wax biosynthesis. Thus, the fruit cuticular wax constituents and structure was altered, and the fruit quality were maintained at harvest and during cold storage. The results provide a new technology for improving apple fruit harvest and postharvest quality by preharvest application of sprayable 1-MCP.