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Optimization of micromixer with different baffle shapes using CFD, DOE, meta-heuristic algorithms and multi-criteria decision making
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification  (IF4.237),  Pub Date : 2021-11-14, DOI: 10.1016/j.cep.2021.108713
Mozhdeh Nikpour, Ali Mohebbi

Micromixers are devices that have the task of mixing on a small scale. In this study, to improve the mixing index in micromixers with minimum pressure drop, the optimal values of the affecting factors on the micromixer performance were obtained by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), design of experiment (DOE), meta-heuristic algorithms and multi-criteria decision making (MCDM). The most influential factors on the performance of micromixers are Reynolds number, blockage ratio and the ratio of the distance between baffles to baffle diameter, which is examined in the different baffle shapes. The dimensionless ratios obtained from these parameters, which were achieved by using the mentioned methods, significantly improved the efficiency of micromixers and they are facilitators and necessary for future studies. The obtained mathematical models from DOE were optimized by meta-heuristic algorithms and then the results of algorithms were compared with each other by four evaluation criteria. It was shown multi-objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) had the best performance in presenting the preferred solutions. The designs were ranked among the members of the Pareto front by MCDM. The preferred solution with the ratio of mixing index to pressure drop equal to 0.78 was the most optimal case.