The purpose of this paper is to numerically and experimentally evaluate the effect of the protection net icing on the inlet performance of helicopter engines.
The ice shapes of the protection net at different times are first simulated by a two-dimensional (2D) icing calculation, then the porous media parameters are calculated based on the 2D ice shapes. Afterward, three-dimensional flow fields of the engine inlet with the iced net are simulated using the porous media model instead of the real protection net. The transient pressure losses of the iced protection net are calculated and tested through an icing wind tunnel test rig under different icing conditions.
Overall, the numerical results and experimental data show a good agreement. The effects of several control parameters, such as liquid water contents (LWC), water droplet diameters and airflow velocities on the pressure loss of the protection net during the icing process are analyzed in a systematic manner. The results indicate that the pressure loss increases with the increase of the LWC at the same icing time. The same trend occurs when the water droplet diameter and the airflow velocity increase.
A new method to predict the pressure loss of the iced protection net is proposed. A series of tests in an icing wind tunnel are performed to obtain the ice shapes and pressure loss of protection net during the icing process.