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Pinning effects in a two-dimensional cluster glass
Physical Review B  (IF4.036),  Pub Date : 2021-10-26, DOI: 10.1103/physrevb.104.144206
Wenlong Wang, Rogelio Díaz-Méndez, Mats Wallin, Jack Lidmar, Egor Babaev

We study numerically the nonequilibrium glass formation and depinning transition of a system of two-dimensional cluster-forming monodisperse particles in the presence of pinning disorder. The pairwise interaction potential is nonmonotonic and is motivated by the intervortex forces in type-1.5 superconductors but also applies to a variety of other systems. Such systems can form cluster glasses due to the intervortex interactions following a thermal quench, without underlying disorder. We study the effects of vortex pinning in these systems. We find that a small density of pinning centers of moderate depth has a limited effect on vortex glass formation, i.e., formation of vortex glasses is dominated by intervortex interactions. At higher densities, pinning can significantly affect glass formation. The cluster glass depinning, under a constant driving force, is found to be plastic, with features distinct from non-cluster-forming systems such as clusters merging and breaking. We find that, in general, vortices with cluster-forming interaction forces can exhibit stronger pinning effects than regular vortices.