Find Paper, Faster
Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Takagi topological insulator with oddPTpairs of corner states
Physical Review B  (IF4.036),  Pub Date : 2021-10-25, DOI: 10.1103/physrevb.104.165142
Jia-Xiao Dai, Kai Wang, Shengyuan A. Yang, Y. X. Zhao

We present a novel class of topological insulators, termed the Takagi topological insulators (TTIs), which is protected by the sublattice symmetry and space-time inversion (PT) symmetry. The required symmetries for the TTIs can be realized on any bipartite lattice where the inversion exchanges sublattices. The protecting symmetries lead to the classifying space of Hamiltonians being unitary symmetric matrices, and therefore Takagi's factorization can be performed. Particularly, the global Takagi's factorization can (cannot) be done on a 3D (2D) sphere. In 3D, there is a Z2 topological invariant corresponding to the parity of the winding number of Takagi's unitary-matrix factor over the entire Brillouin zone, where the Z2 nature comes from the O(N) gauge degrees of freedom in Takagi's factorization. In 2D, the obstruction for a global Takagi's factorization is characterized by another Z2 topological invariant, equivalent to the second Stiefel-Whitney number. For the third-order topological phases, the 3D TTIs feature a parity condition for corner zero modes, i.e., there always exist odd PT pairs of corners with zero modes. Moreover, for any PT invariant sample geometry, all configurations of corner zero modes satisfying the parity condition can exist with the same nontrivial bulk topological invariant. Actually, without closing the bulk gap, the boundary phase diagram has a cellular structure, where each topological boundary phase associated with a particular (cross-order) boundary-mode pattern corresponds to a contractible cell with a certain dimension in the parameter space.