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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Iron-Based Dual Active Site-Mediated Peroxymonosulfate Activation for the Degradation of Emerging Organic Pollutants
Environmental Science & Technology  (IF9.028),  Pub Date : 2021-10-26, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.1c06205
Shizong Wang, Lejin Xu, Jianlong Wang

It is still a challenge to synthesize highly efficient and stable catalysts for the Fenton-like reaction. In this study, we constructed an integrated catalyst with highly dispersed iron-based dual active sites, in which Fe2N and single-atom Fe (SA-Fe) were embedded into nitrogen- and oxygen-co-doped graphitic carbon (Fe-N-O-GC-350). Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) confirmed the coordination structure of iron, and line combination fitting (LCF) demonstrated the coexistence of Fe2N and SA-Fe with percentages of 75 and 25%, respectively. Iron-based dual active sites endowed Fe-N-O-GC-350 with superior catalytic activity to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) as evidenced by the fast degradation rate of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) (0.24 min–1) in the presence of 0.4 mM PMS and 0.1 g/L Fe-N-O-GC-350. Unlike the reported singlet oxygen and high-valent iron oxo-mediated degradation induced by the SA-Fe catalyst, both surface-bound reactive species and singlet oxygen contributed to SMX degradation, while surface-bound reactive species dominated. Density functional theory (DFT) simulation indicated that Fe2N and SA-Fe enhanced the adsorption of PMS, which played a key role in PMS activation. The Fe-N-O-GC-350/PMS system had resistance to the interference of common inorganic anions and high oxidation capacity to recalcitrant organic contaminants. This study elucidated the important role of Fe2N in PMS activation and provide a clue to design rationally catalysts with iron-based dual active sites to activate PMS for the degradation of emerging organic pollutants.