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PV network plasticity mediated by neuregulin1-ErbB4 signalling controls fear extinction
Molecular Psychiatry  (IF15.992),  Pub Date : 2021-10-25, DOI: 10.1038/s41380-021-01355-z
Yi-Hua Chen, Neng-Yuan Hu, Ding-Yu Wu, Lin-Lin Bi, Zheng-Yi Luo, Lang Huang, Jian-Lin Wu, Meng-Ling Wang, Jing-Ting Li, Yun-Long Song, Sheng-Rong Zhang, Wei Jie, Xiao-Wen Li, Shi-Zhong Zhang, Jian-Ming Yang, Tian-Ming Gao

Neuroplasticity in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is essential for fear extinction, the process of which forms the basis of the general therapeutic process used to treat human fear disorders. However, the underlying molecules and local circuit elements controlling neuronal activity and concomitant induction of plasticity remain unclear. Here we show that sustained plasticity of the parvalbumin (PV) neuronal network in the infralimbic (IL) mPFC is required for fear extinction in adult male mice and identify the involvement of neuregulin 1-ErbB4 signalling in PV network plasticity-mediated fear extinction. Moreover, regulation of fear extinction by basal medial amygdala (BMA)-projecting IL neurons is dependent on PV network configuration. Together, these results uncover the local molecular circuit mechanisms underlying mPFC-mediated top-down control of fear extinction, suggesting alterative therapeutic approaches to treat fear disorders.