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Energy dependence of underlying-event observables from RHIC to LHC energies
Physical Review D  (IF5.296),  Pub Date : 2021-10-21, DOI: 10.1103/physrevd.104.076019
Antonio Ortiz

A study of the charged-particle density (number density) in the transverse region of the dihadron correlations exploiting the existing pp and pp¯ data from RHIC to LHC energies is reported. This region has contributions from the underlying event (UE) as well as from initial- and final-state radiation (ISR-FSR). Based on the data, a two-component model is built. This has the functional form sα+βlog(s), where the logarithmic (β=0.140±0.007) and the power-law (α=0.270±0.005) terms describe the components more sensitive to the ISR-FSR and UE contributions, respectively. The model describes the data from RHIC to LHC energies; the extrapolation to higher energies indicates that at around s100TeV the number density associated to UE will match that from ISR-FSR. Although this behavior is not predicted by pythia 8.244, the power-law behavior of the UE contribution is consistent with the energy dependence of the parameter that regulates multiparton interactions. Using simulations, KNO-like scaling properties of the multiplicity distributions in the regions sensitive to either UE or ISR-FSR are also discussed. The results presented here can be helpful to constrain QCD-inspired Monte Carlo models at the future circular collider energies, as well as to characterize the UE-based event classifiers which are currently used at the LHC.