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Training image selection for development of subsurface geological cross-section by conditional simulations
Engineering Geology  (IF6.755),  Pub Date : 2021-10-21, DOI: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2021.106415
Chao Shi, Yu Wang

Delineation of a subsurface geological cross-section can be accomplished by conditional simulations, which can effectively combine prior geological knowledge as training images with site-specific measurements for spatial interpolation. Valuable prior geological knowledge may be concisely represented by a single training image, and the evaluation and optimal selection of a representative training image is crucial for a successful application of conditional simulation methods. In this study, a data-driven method based on edge orientation detection is proposed for selection of the optimal training image. The stratigraphic soil boundaries of all candidate training images (CTIs) and site-specific measurements are scanned by an edge detector. The derived edge orientations are quantified and compared between CTIs and site-specific measurements. Among all CTIs, the CTI that has the minimal difference of edge orientation distribution with respect to the site-specific measurements is selected as the optimal one. The proposed method is validated using both an illustrative example and a real case. It is demonstrated that edge orientation successfully differentiates soil stratigraphic patterns between different training images, and the derived edge orientation distribution can be used as a quantitative indicator for selection of the optimal training image.