Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Identification of a choroid plexus vascular barrier closing during intestinal inflammation Science (IF47.728), Pub Date : 2021-10-22, DOI: 10.1126/science.abc6108 Sara Carloni, Alice Bertocchi, Sara Mancinelli, Martina Bellini, Marco Erreni, Antonella Borreca, Daniele Braga, Silvia Giugliano, Alessandro M. Mozzarelli, Daria Manganaro, Daniel Fernandez Perez, Federico Colombo, Antonio Di Sabatino, Diego Pasini, Giuseppe Penna, Michela Matteoli, Simona Lodato, Maria Rescigno
Up to 40% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease present with psychosocial disturbances. We previously identified a gut vascular barrier that controls the dissemination of bacteria from the intestine to the liver. Here, we describe a vascular barrier in the brain choroid plexus (PVB) that is modulated in response to intestinal inflammation through bacteria-derived lipopolysaccharide. The inflammatory response induces PVB closure after gut vascular barrier opening by the up-regulation of the wingless-type, catenin-beta 1 (Wnt/β-catenin) signaling pathway, rendering it inaccessible to large molecules. In a model of genetically driven closure of choroid plexus endothelial cells, we observed a deficit in short-term memory and anxiety-like behavior, suggesting that PVB closure may correlate with mental deficits. Inflammatory bowel disease–related mental symptoms may thus be the consequence of a deregulated gut–brain vascular axis.