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Rayleigh Wave Dispersion Spectrum Inversion Across Scales
Surveys in Geophysics  (IF6.673),  Pub Date : 2021-10-19, DOI: 10.1007/s10712-021-09667-z
Zhang, Zhen-dong, Saygin, Erdinc, He, Leiyu, Alkhalifah, Tariq

Traditional approaches of using dispersion curves for S-wave velocity reconstruction have limitations, principally, the 1D-layered model assumption and the automatic/manual picking of dispersion curves. At the same time, conventional full-waveform inversion (FWI) can easily converge to a non-global minimum when applied directly to complicated surface waves. Alternatively, the recently introduced wave equation dispersion spectrum inversion method can avoid these limitations, by applying the adjoint state method on the dispersion spectra of the observed and predicted data and utilizing the local similarity objective function to depress cycle skipping. We apply the wave equation dispersion spectrum inversion to three real datasets of different scales: tens of meters scale active-source data for estimating shallow targets, tens of kilometers scale ambient noise data for reservoir characterization and a continental-scale seismic array data for imaging the crust and uppermost mantle. We use these three open datasets from exploration to crustal scale seismology to demonstrate the effectiveness of the inversion method. The dispersion spectrum inversion method adapts well to the different-scale data without any special tuning. The main benefits of the proposed method over traditional methods are that (1) it can handle lateral variations; (2) it avoids direct picking dispersion curves; (3) it utilizes both the fundamental and higher modes of Rayleigh waves, and (4) the inversion can be solved using gradient-based local optimizations. Compared to the conventional 1D inversion, the dispersion spectrum inversion requires more computational cost since it requires solving the 2D/3D elastic wave equation in each iteration. A good match between the observed and predicted dispersion spectra also leads to a reasonably good match between the observed and predicted waveforms, though the inversion does not aim to match the waveforms.