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Coseismic and Early Postseismic Deformation Due to the 2021 M7.4 Maduo (China) Earthquake
Geophysical Research Letters  (IF4.72),  Pub Date : 2021-10-19, DOI: 10.1029/2021gl095213
Zeyu Jin, Yuri Fialko

The 2021 Maduo earthquake ruptured a 150 km-long left-lateral fault in the northeast Tibet. We used Synthetic Aperture Radar data collected by the Sentinel-1A/B satellites within days of the earthquake to derive a finite fault model and investigate the details of slip distribution with depth. We generated coseismic interferograms and pixel offsets from different look directions corresponding to the ascending and descending satellite orbits. At the eastern end the rupture bifurcated into two sub-parallel strands, with larger slip on the northern strand. Inversions of coseismic displacements show maximum slip to the east of the epicenter. The averaged coseismic slip has a peak at depth of 3–4 km, similar to slip distributions of a number of shallow strike-slip earthquakes. Postseismic observations over several weeks following the Maduo earthquake reveal surface slip with amplitude up to 0.1 m that at least partially eliminated the coseismic slip deficit in the uppermost crust.