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Baseline assessment of ocean ambient noise in the western Clarion Clipperton Zone, Pacific Ocean
Marine Pollution Bulletin  (IF5.553),  Pub Date : 2021-10-18, DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.113057
Fuqiang Niu, Ruichao Xue, Yanming Yang, Benqing Chen, Hailin Ruan, Kai Luo

Ocean noise in the western Clarion Clipperton Zone, Pacific Ocean was recorded for 5 min every hour during 2017 and 2018, at a depth of 300 m. The monthly and hourly mean spectrum levels in the 20–1000 Hz band were calculated, along with their skewness, kurtosis, percentile distributions, and spectral probability densities. The high noise levels at low frequencies generated from distant shipping and vocalizations of whales were found to range between 70 and 100 dB (<100 Hz) and 64–93 dB (100–200 Hz), respectively. The noise levels at high frequencies (>200 Hz), which are typically dominated by wind, were found to be low, ranging from 53 to 75 dB. At frequencies above 200 Hz, noise levels in winter were approximately 5 dB higher than those in summer, consistent with the seasonal variations in wind speed. Fin whales, blue whales, and fishes also potentially contributed to variations in the baseline of ambient noise.