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An Input-Voltage-Sharing Control Strategy of Input-Series-Output-Parallel Isolated Bidirectional DC/DC Converter for DC Distribution Network
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics  (IF6.153),  Pub Date : 2021-08-30, DOI: 10.1109/tpel.2021.3107355
Yu Wang, Yuanpeng Guan, Olav Bjarte Fosso, Marta Molinas, Si-Zhe Chen, Yun Zhang

Input-series-output-parallel (ISOP) isolated bidirectional direct current (dc)/dc converter (IBdc) becomes a preferred scheme connecting high-voltage and low-voltage bus in dc distribution network. Input-voltage-sharing (IVS) among modules is essential to realize the stable operation of ISOP system. Nowadays, with large-scale access of distributed energy sources and loads in dc grids, the fluctuations in bus voltage and connected load become frequent and great, deteriorating the IVS performance and stable operation of ISOP structure IBdc. To solve this issue, a triple-close-loop IVS strategy is proposed in this article. Compared with the conventional IVS strategy with constant input impedance, the proposed IVS strategy reshapes input impedance to be a full-order model containing high-order components and sensitive to fluctuation of output voltage, and IVS control based on reshaped impedance improves dynamics feature, maintains ideal output power, and avoids false protection and potential instability for ISOP structure IBdc under frequent and large fluctuation. Experimental results verify the correctness and effectiveness of the analysis and proposed strategy, providing a feasible, efficient, and practical control scheme for ISOP system in dc distribution network.