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A 380-12 V, 1-kW, 1-MHz Converter Using a Miniaturized Split-Phase, Fractional-Turn Planar Transformer
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics  (IF6.153),  Pub Date : 2021-08-12, DOI: 10.1109/tpel.2021.3103434
Mike Kavian Ranjram, David John Perreault

High step-down, high output current converters are required in many common and emerging applications, including data center server power supplies, point-of-load converters, and electric vehicle charging. Miniaturization is desirable but challenging owing to the high step-down transformer ubiquitously used in these converters. In this work, a miniaturized split-phase half-turn transformer is demonstrated, which leverages the well-established parallelization benefit of employing multiple phases, as in a matrix transformer, with the dramatic reduction in copper loss associated with the relatively new Variable Inverter/Rectifier Transformer (VIRT) architecture. While these techniques have been described in earlier studies, their combination has not been well explored. A detailed design procedure is described and is used to develop a 97.7% peak efficiency and 97.1% full-load efficiency prototype having a transformer that is 12%–36% smaller than best-in-class designs in the literature at the same power level while also being more efficient. This work showcases the miniaturization benefit of employing multiphase, fractional-turn transformers in high step-down, high output current applications and provides comprehensive guidance to designers interested in applying and extending these techniques.