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Analysis and Control of Modular Multilevel Matrix Converters Under Branch Fault Conditions
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics  (IF6.153),  Pub Date : 2021-08-12, DOI: 10.1109/tpel.2021.3104349
Chao Wang, Zedong Zheng, Kui Wang, Bo Yang, Peiyi Zhou, Yongdong Li

The modular multilevel matrix converter (M3C) is a promising topology for high-voltage and high-power direct ac-to-ac power conversion applications. Fault tolerance ability is one of the advantages of the M3C. To further enhance the reliability of the M3C, this article proposes a novel branch current configuration method for branch fault conditions, which is available either one or two branches are failed. By deriving basic branch current configurations and analyzing branch dc power equations under branch fault conditions, feasible branch current configurations can be directly derived. In terms of minimizing the maximum peak branch current, the derived configuration is also the optimal one for the single branch fault condition. Compared with the existing method, the proposed method does not need to solve configuration coefficients of branch currents offline, which is automatically adaptive to different load conditions. An M3C prototype with three submodules each branch is built, and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed branch fault tolerance method.