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Generalized Few-Shot Video Classification with Video Retrieval and Feature Generation.
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  (IF16.389),  Pub Date : 2021-10-15, DOI: 10.1109/tpami.2021.3120550
Yongqin Xian,Bruno Korbar,Matthijs Douze,Lorenzo Torresani,Bernt Schiele,Zeynep Akata

Few-shot learning aims to recognize novel classes from a few examples. Although significant progress has been made in the image domain, few-shot video classification is relatively unexplored. We argue that previous methods underestimate the importance of video feature learning and propose to learn spatiotemporal features using a 3D CNN. Proposing a two-stage approach that learns video features on base classes followed by fine-tuning the classifiers on novel classes, we show that this simple baseline approach outperforms prior few-shot video classification methods by over 20 points on existing benchmarks. To circumvent the need of labeled examples, we present two novel approaches that yield further improvement. First, we leverage tag-labeled videos from a large dataset using tag retrieval followed by selecting the best clips with visual similarities. Second, we learn generative adversarial networks that generate video features of novel classes from their semantic embeddings. Moreover, we find existing benchmarks are limited because they only focus on 5 novel classes in each testing episode and introduce more realistic benchmarks by involving more novel classes, i.e. few-shot learning, as well as a mixture of novel and base classes, i.e. generalized few-shot learning. The experimental results show that our retrieval and feature generation approach significantly outperform the baseline approach on the new benchmarks.