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Root and soil health management approaches for control of plant-parasitic nematodes in sub-Saharan Africa
Crop Protection  (IF2.571),  Pub Date : 2021-10-11, DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105841
Hannah Karuri

Smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) face several challenges that include pests and diseases. Plant-parasitic nematodes (PPN) reduce crop yields and affect their quality. They are an emerging threat to smallholder agriculture with several species attacking economically important crops. In SSA, most PPN control strategies are therapeutic and therefore unsustainable. Cost-effective nematode management strategies that promote soil health and enhance soil suppressiveness against PPN are therefore needed. These strategies can fit into most smallholder cropping systems and in addition to controlling PPN, they also promote soil and plant health and tolerance to other diseases. Most smallholders in SSA still use traditional farming methods although some countries have adopted conservation agriculture (CA) and integrated soil fertility management (ISFM). This review analyzes the potential impact of CA and ISFM on PPN communities and it also provides a concise summary of low-cost PPN control strategies and their efficiency against specific nematode species. Variations in their efficacy is also discussed. The strategies are proposed for adoption across SSA based on site-specific conditions.