Find Paper, Faster
Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Organic chloramines formation from algal organic matters: Insights from Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry
Water Research  (IF11.236),  Pub Date : 2021-10-11, DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2021.117746
Da Sheng, Lingjun Bu, Shumin Zhu, Yangtao Wu, Jue Wang, Shiqing Zhou

Release of algal organic matter (AOM) from algae poses great threats to drinking water safety. As organic nitrogen in AOM is relatively higher compared to natural organic matter (NOM), the organic chloramine formation during chlorination cause overestimation of effective chlorine, which may lead to a biological risk. This study compared the organic chloramine formation from AOM and NOM, and confirmed that AOM tend to form more organic chloramines during chlorination. Furthermore, it was found that hydrophilic fraction and high molecular weight (>100 kDa) fraction of AOM generated major organic chloramines due to a high content of protein. Based on the results of Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS), Spearman's rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship between molecular composition of AOM and organic chloramine formation. Notably, molecules with high correlation to organic chloramine formation located in a triangle region of van Krevelen diagram, which is a typical area of peptides. Therefore, it indicates that the precursors of organic chloramine in AOM are mainly proteins/peptides, and appropriate treatment processes (e.g., biological treatment or membrane filtration) should be addressed to effectively remove the precursors before chlorination.