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Exploring the potential of graphene oxide nanosheets for porous media decontamination from cationic dyes
Journal of Hazardous Materials  (IF10.588),  Pub Date : 2021-10-12, DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127468
Ali Beryani, Carlo Bianco, Alessandro Casasso, Rajandrea Sethi, Tiziana Tosco

Graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets, often embedded in nano-composites, have been studied as promising materials for waste water purification, in particular to adsorb heavy metals and cationic organic contaminants. However, a broader range of potential applications of GO is still unexplored. This work investigated the potential applicability of GO for enhanced in-situ soil washing of secondary sources of groundwater contamination (i.e. the controlled recirculation of a washing GO suspension via injection/extraction wells). The laboratory study aimed at quantifying the capability of GO to effectively remove adsorbed methylene blue (MB) from contaminated sand. The tests were conducted in simplified conditions (synthetic groundwater at NaCl concentration of 20 mM, silica sand) to better highlight the key mechanisms under study. The results indicated a maximum sorption capacity of 1.6 mgMB/mgGO in moderately alkaline conditions. Even though the adsorption of MB onto GO slightly reduced the GO mobility in the porous medium, a breakthrough higher than 95% was obtained for MB/GO mass ratios up to 0.5. This suggests that a very high recovery of the injected particles should be also expected in the field.