Find Paper, Faster
Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Seismic Evidence of Mid-Mantle Water Transport Beneath the Yellowstone Region
Geophysical Research Letters  (IF4.72),  Pub Date : 2021-10-04, DOI: 10.1029/2021gl095838
William D. Frazer, Jeffrey Park

Earth's mantle transition zone (MTZ) is a possible global water reservoir and may be responsible for long-term (∼100 Ma) ocean-mass regulation. Estimates of water capacities in MTZ minerals are ∼1 wt%, far greater than that of rocks of the surrounding mantle. When water-rich material is displaced from the MTZ, partial melting occurs, generating a sharp reduction in seismic velocities detectable with seismic receiver functions (RFs). We estimated RFs for the MTZ beneath the Yellowstone region using earthquakes recorded by ∼200 stations of the Earthscope Transportable Array. We found many LVZs both above and below the MTZ, consistent with water release upon phase transformation of hydrated MTZ rock into upper- and lower-mantle mineral assemblages with low water capacities. The locations of LVZs are consistent with mid-mantle flow induced by descent of a Farallon-slab fragment and ascent of the deeply rooted Yellowstone plume as imaged by seismic tomography.