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Mode Division Multiplexed 850-nm Single-Mode VCSEL Transmission Using Standard Single-Mode Fiber
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  (IF2.468),  Pub Date : 2021-09-22, DOI: 10.1109/lpt.2021.3114397
Kangmei Li, Xin Chen, Jaekwon Ko, Jason E. Hurley, Jeffery S. Stone, Kyung Jun Park, Byoung Yoon Kim, Ming-Jun Li

Mode division multiplexing (MDM) has attracted great attention in recent years to increase the network capacity. To apply MDM in data center applications, a low-cost and low power consumption system is desired. In this letter, we utilize 850-nm single-mode VCSEL as the laser source and report mode division multiplexed transmission over a standard single-mode fiber, which is two-mode at 850 nm. Due to the small spot size and low numerical aperture, single-mode VCSEL can be coupled into single-mode fibers with low loss. The mode multiplexer and de-multiplexer devices are designed and fabricated based on fiber mode selective couplers using Hi780 fiber as the 850-nm single-mode launch and receiving fiber and standard single-mode fiber as the few-mode transmission fiber. The MDM system supports two channels, corresponding to the LP 01 and LP 11 mode in the few-mode transmission fiber. Detailed characterizations of the multiplexer and de-multiplexer are conducted including the insertion loss and crosstalk measurements. System transmission at 25 Gb/s shows error free performance over 1-km standard single- mode fiber for both channels. The utilization of VCSEL and standard single-mode fiber can potentially provide a low-cost solution for MDM systems in data center applications.