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Incomplete Multiple Kernel Alignment Maximization for Clustering.
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  (IF16.389),  Pub Date : 2021-10-01, DOI: 10.1109/tpami.2021.3116948
Xinwang Liu

Multiple kernel alignment (MKA) maximization criterion has been widely applied into multiple kernel clustering (MKC) and many variants have been recently developed. Though demonstrating superior clustering performance in various applications, it is observed that none of them can effectively handle incomplete MKC, where parts or all of the pre-specified base kernel matrices are incomplete. To address this issue, we propose to integrate the imputation of incomplete kernel matrices and MKA maximization for clustering into a unified learning framework. The clustering of MKA maximization guides the imputation of incomplete kernel elements, and the completed kernel matrices are in turn combined to conduct the subsequent MKC. These two procedures are alternately performed until convergence. By this way, the imputation and MKC processes are seamlessly connected, with the aim to achieve better clustering performance. Besides theoretically analyzing the clustering generalization error bound, we empirically evaluate the clustering performance on five multiple kernel learning (MKL) benchmark datasets, and the results indicate the superiority of our algorithm over existing state-of-the-art counterparts. Our codes and data are publicly available at \url{https://xinwangliu.github.io/}.