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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Effect of a Behavioural Intervention for Adoption and Maintenance of a Physically Active Lifestyle on Psychological Well-Being and Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The IDES_2 Randomized Clinical Trial
Sports Medicine  (IF11.136),  Pub Date : 2021-10-01, DOI: 10.1007/s40279-021-01556-0
Nicolucci, Antonio, Haxhi, Jonida, D’Errico, Valeria, Sacchetti, Massimo, Orlando, Giorgio, Cardelli, Patrizia, Vitale, Martina, Bollanti, Lucilla, Conti, Francesco, Zanuso, Silvano, Lucisano, Giuseppe, Balducci, Stefano, Pugliese, Giuseppe

Background

Psychological well-being and quality of life (QoL) are important outcomes of lifestyle interventions, as a positive impact may favour long-term maintenance of behaviour change.

Objective

This study investigated the effect of a behavioural intervention for adopting and maintaining an active lifestyle on psychological well-being and health-related QoL in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Methods

Three hundred physically inactive and sedentary patients were randomized 1:1 to receive 1 month’s theoretical and practical counselling once a year (intervention group, INT) or standard care (control group, CON) for 3 years. Psychological well-being and QoL, assessed using the World Health Organization (WHO)-5 and the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) questionnaire, respectively, were pre-specified secondary endpoints. The primary endpoint was sustained behaviour change, as assessed by accelerometer-based measurement of physical activity (PA) and sedentary time.

Results

WHO-5 and SF-36 physical and mental component summary (PCS and MCS) scores increased progressively in the INT group and decreased in the CON group, resulting in significant between-group differences (WHO-5: mean difference 7.35 (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.15–11.55), P = 0.0007; PCS 4.20 (95% CI 2.25–6.15), P < 0.0001; MCS 3.04 (95% CI 1.09–4.99), P = 0.0025). Percentage of participants with likely depression decreased in the INT group and increased in the CON group. PA volume changes were independently associated with WHO-5 changes, which were significantly higher in participants who accumulated > 150 min·wk−1 of moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA versus those who did not (13.06 (95% CI 7.51–18.61), P < 0.0001), whereas no relationship was detected for QoL.

Conclusion

A counselling intervention that was effective in promoting a sustained change in PA and sedentary behaviour significantly improved psychological well-being and QoL.

Trial Registration

ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT01600937; 10 October 2012.