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Bio-inspired design of an in situ multifunctional polymeric solid–electrolyte interphase for Zn metal anode cycling at 30 mA cm−2 and 30 mA h cm−2
Energy & Environmental Science  (IF38.532),  Pub Date : 2021-09-14, DOI: 10.1039/d1ee01851e
Xiaohui Zeng, Kaixuan Xie, Sailin Liu, Shilin Zhang, Junnan Hao, Jiatu Liu, Wei Kong Pang, Jianwen Liu, Pinhua Rao, Qinghong Wang, Jianfeng Mao, Zaiping Guo

A solid–electrolyte interphase (SEI) is highly desirable to restrain Zn dendrite growth and side reactions between a Zn anode and water in rechargeable aqueous zinc-ion batteries (RAZBs), but remains a challenge. Here, inspired by the bio-adhesion principle, a stable SEI of polydopamine is constructed successfully on a Zn anode via an in situ electrochemical polymerization process of a dopamine additive. This in situ polymeric SEI offers multifunctional features with abundant functional groups and outstanding hydrophilicity for regulating Zn nucleation to achieve dendrite-free Zn deposition, high Zn-ion conductivity for fast Zn2+ transport, and strong adhesion capability for blocking interfacial side reactions. Consequently, the Zn electrodes exhibited high reversibility with 99.5% coulombic efficiency and outstanding stability, even at ultrahigh current density and areal capacity (30 mA cm−2 and 30 mA h cm−2). Moreover, a prolonged lifespan can be attained for the Zn/V2O5 full cell in a lean electrolyte (9 μL mA h−1) and with a low capacity ratio of the negative electrode to the positive electrode (∼2). This work provides inspiration for the design of SEI layers in aqueous battery chemistry and promotes the practical application of RAZBs.