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Personalized prediction of progression in pre-dementia patients based on individual biomarker profile: A development and validation study.
Alzheimer's & Dementia  (IF21.566),  Pub Date : 2021-09-28, DOI: 10.1002/alz.12363
Line Kühnel,Vincent Bouteloup,Jérémie Lespinasse,Geneviève Chêne,Carole Dufouil,José Luis Molinuevo,Lars Lau Raket,

INTRODUCTION The prognosis of patients at the pre-dementia stage is difficult to define. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a biomarker-based continuous model for predicting the individual cognitive level at any future moment. In addition to personalized prognosis, such a model could reduce trial sample size requirements by allowing inclusion of a homogenous patient population. METHODS Disease-progression modeling of longitudinal cognitive scores of pre-dementia patients (baseline Clinical Dementia Rating ≤ 0.5) was used to derive a biomarker profile that was predictive of patient's cognitive progression along the dementia continuum. The biomarker profile model was developed and validated in the MEMENTO cohort and externally validated in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. RESULTS Of nine candidate biomarkers in the development analysis, three cerebrospinal fluid and two magnetic resonance imaging measures were selected to form the final biomarker profile. The model-based prognosis of individual future cognitive deficit was shown to significantly improve when incorporating biomarker information on top of cognition and demographic data. In trial power calculations, adjusting the primary analysis for the baseline biomarker profile reduced sample size requirements by ≈10%. Compared to conventional cognitive cut-offs, inclusion criteria based on biomarker-profile cut-offs resulted in up to 28% reduced sample size requirements due to increased homogeneity in progression patterns. DISCUSSION The biomarker profile allows prediction of personalized trajectories of future cognitive progression. This enables accurate personalized prognosis in clinical care and better selection of patient populations for clinical trials. A web-based application for prediction of patients' future cognitive progression is available online.