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Ab initio prediction of thermoelectric performance of monolayer transition-metal nitride halides MNBr (M = Zr, Hf)
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids  (IF3.995),  Pub Date : 2021-09-20, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2021.110390
Xinyu Liu, Shaoheng Yuan, Bin Xu, Xiaoning An, Jiahao Zhao, Jifang Li, Lin Yi

Accurate descriptions of the structure, electronic properties and thermoelectric (TE) properties of transition-metal nitride halides MNBr (M = Zr, Hf) monolayers are calculated using the full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave (FP-LAPW) method within both generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and Tran–Blaha modified Becke–Johnson (TB-mBJ) approximation. The band structure shows that all MNBr monolayers are semiconductors with indirect band gaps. The band gap, calculated by TB-mBJ, is larger than that of GGA for both considered compounds. The charge-carrier effective mass increases when going from ZrNBr to HfNBr because of the extra peak of the density of states profile of monolayer HfNBr in the valence band around −0.5 eV, suggesting that ZrNBr should have higher electrical conductivity and HfNBr should have higher Seebeck coefficient. Meanwhile, the monolayered structure of MNBr has intrinsic low lattice thermal conductivity. The results demonstrate that monolayer MNBr has interesting TE properties with n-type doping.