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A Greek traditional dance program for improving balance of young children
Research in Dance Education  (IF),  Pub Date : 2021-09-20, DOI: 10.1080/14647893.2021.1980525
Loukia Kapodistria, Dimitris Chatzopoulos


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a dance program on static and dynamic balance in young children (6.62 ± .65 years old). Forty-six children were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (24 children) who took part in a four-week dance program (three times a week, total 12 sessions, 45 min/session), or a control group (22 children). The dance program was a combination of Greek dances and Laban’s movement concept specifically designed for improving balance in young children. Prior to and after the intervention, the participants were assessed in static balance (one leg stance), dynamic balance and the jump-landing test. The results showed that the dance group performed significantly better in dynamic balance and peak-to-peak amplitude of Center of Pressure (CoP) in the mediolateral direction and total excursion of the CoP. There were no significant differences of the CoP displacement in anteroposterior direction and the jump-landing-test. It may be concluded that the dance program constitutes an effective activity for the development of young children’s static and dynamic balance. As balance is crucial for children’s motor development and the reduction of fall-related injuries, it is suggested corresponding dance activities should be part of primary physical education curriculum.