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A priori control of zeolite phase competition and intergrowth with high-throughput simulations
Science  (IF47.728),  Pub Date : 2021-09-16, DOI: 10.1126/science.abh3350
Daniel Schwalbe-Koda, Soonhyoung Kwon, Cecilia Paris, Estefania Bello-Jurado, Zach Jensen, Elsa Olivetti, Tom Willhammar, Avelino Corma, Yuriy Román-Leshkov, Manuel Moliner, Rafael Gómez-Bombarelli

Zeolites are versatile catalysts and molecular sieves with large topological diversity, but managing phase competition in zeolite synthesis is an empirical, labor-intensive task. Here, we controlled phase selectivity in templated zeolite synthesis from first principles by combining high-throughput atomistic simulations, literature mining, human-computer interaction, synthesis, and characterization. Proposed binding metrics distilled from over 586,000 zeolite-molecule simulations reproduced the extracted literature and rationalize framework competition in the design of organic structure-directing agents. Energetic, geometric, and electrostatic descriptors of template molecules were found to regulate synthetic accessibility windows and aluminum distributions in pure-phase zeolites. Furthermore, these parameters allowed realizing an intergrowth zeolite through a single bi-selective template. The computation-first approach enabled controlling both zeolite synthesis and structure composition using a priori theoretical descriptors.