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Blockade of adenosine A2A receptors inhibits Tremulous Jaw Movements as well as expression of zif-268 and GAD65 mRNAs in brain motor structures
Behavioural Brain Research  (IF3.332),  Pub Date : 2021-09-16, DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113585
Barbara Kosmowska, Krystyna Ossowska, Jadwiga Wardas

Tremor is one of the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD), present also in neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism. Tremulous Jaw Movements (TJMs) are suggested to be a well-validated rodent model of PD resting tremor. TJMs can be induced by typical antipsychotics and are known to be reduced by different drugs, including adenosine A2A receptor antagonists. The aim of the present study was to search for brain structures involved in the tremorolytic action of SCH58261, a selective A2A receptor antagonist, in TJMs induced by subchronic pimozide. Besides TJMs, we evaluated in the same animals the expression of zif-268 mRNA (neuronal responsiveness marker), and mRNA levels for glutamic acid decarboxylase 65-kDa isoform (GAD65) and vesicular glutamate transporters 1 and 2 (vGluT1/2) in selected brain structures, as markers of GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons, respectively. We found that SCH58261 reduced the pimozide-induced TJMs. Pimozide increased the zif-268 mRNA level in the striatum, nucleus accumbens (NAc) core, and substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr). Additionally, it increased GAD65 mRNA in the striatum and SNr, and vGluT2 mRNA levels in the subthalamic nucleus (STN). A positive correlation between zif-268, GAD65 and vGluT2 mRNAs and TJMs was found. SCH58261 reversed the pimozide-increased zif-268 mRNA in the striatum and NAc core and GAD65 mRNA in the striatum and SNr. In contrast, SCH58261 did not influence vGluT2 mRNA in STN. The present study suggests an importance of the striato-subthalamo-nigro-thalamic circuit in neuroleptic-induced TJMs. The tremorolytic effect of A2A receptor blockade seems to involve this circuit bypassing, however, STN.