Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Spectrum statistics in the integrable Lieb-Liniger model Physical Review E (IF2.529), Pub Date : 2021-09-15, DOI: 10.1103/physreve.104.034212 Samy Mailoud, Fausto Borgonovi, Felix M. Izrailev
We address the old and widely debated question of the spectrum statistics of integrable quantum systems, through the analysis of the paradigmatic Lieb-Liniger model. This quantum many-body model of one-dimensional interacting bosons allows for the rigorous determination of energy spectra via the Bethe ansatz approach and our interest is to reveal the characteristic properties of energy levels in dependence of the model parameters. Using both analytical and numerical studies we show that the properties of spectra strongly depend on whether the analysis is done for a full energy spectrum or for a single subset with fixed total momentum. We show that the Poisson distribution of spacing between nearest-neighbor energies can occur only for a set of energy levels with fixed total momentum, for neither too large nor too weak interaction strength, and for sufficiently high energy. By studying long-range correlations between energy levels, we found strong deviations from the predictions based on the assumption of pseudorandom character of the distribution of energy levels.